Auroville, a township located in South India, in the state of Tamil Nadu, has the dream to become a universal town. A town where men and women from all countries can live together in peace and harmony. Its purpose is to prepare a human unity above all creeds, politics and nationalities.
The place was stated by the vision of Mirra Alfassa, also known as The Mother. It is known as the first and the only place that is planning an international experiment for human unity.
According to Auroville.org, here people from 49 different nations mostly Indians, French, Germans, and Italians, from different age groups, various social class, backgrounds and cultures live together as a symbol of humanity. The current population of the place is 2,500 people among which one-third are Indians. It has plans to serve the population of 50,000 people that too from around the world.
The place is divided into six different areas, and each area has its priority. It includes the Peace Zone that helps to maintain a calm and serene atmosphere. The Industry Zone is a 109-hectare area that will contain small and medium scale industries, training centre, arts and crafts and city administration. Then the Residential Zone, which is the largest zone among all. The place will be made 55% green, and 45% built surface to maintain a natural balance. Then comes The International Zone with the focus to create a demonstration of human unity. The cultural Zone is for research in education and artistic expressions. Last but not the least comes the Green Belt, a zone for organic farms, dairy, orchards, forest and wildlife. Plans are to use the extensional land to make soil and water consumption areas, ground water recharge and environmental restoration.
The Auroville was a concept that came to The Mother in 1930s. By mid-1960, she was proposed by Sri Aurobindo Society that such a township can establish. Then the balance was brought to Indian Government who then took it to the general assembly of UNESCO. In 1966, UNESCO passed a decision that termed the project to be important for the future of humanity and gave it their full encouragement.
This place was set up on 28th February 1968, with 5,000 people in the inauguration ceremony. It was attended by representatives of 124 nations including that of India. And now, it even has a website under the name Auroville.org.
In the inauguration, people from124 nations came with some soil from their homeland and mixed it in the white marble-clad, lotus shaped urn.
Auroville's founder The Mother created Auroville Charter which had four main ideas that guide the people who choose to live and work for Auroville. According to the Charter:
1. Auroville belongs to nobody in particular. Auroville belongs to humanity as a whole. But, to live in Auroville, one must be a willing servitor of the divine consciousness.
2. Auroville will be the place of an unending education, of constant progress, and youth that never ages.
3. Auroville wants to be the bridge between the past and the future. Taking advantage of all discoveries from without and from within, Auroville will boldly spring towards future realisations.
4. Auroville will be a site of material and spiritual researches for a living embodiment of an actual human unity.
When the plan was made, it was just a barren plateau land that was selected as the site for Auroville. Now it is a lush green place with diverse trees and plants.
Termed as the soul of the city, Matrimandir is situated in the centre of the town called Peace Zone. It is like a large golden sphere which can be seen as arising out from the earth like a birth of new consciousness.
Each of the areas in the Matrimandir gardens has its parks with names like Harmony, Bliss and Perfection. These places are different by flowers, shrubs and trees. The Mother saw this place as "symbol of the Divine's answer to man's aspiration for perfection" and as "the central cohesive force" for the growth of Auroville.
The mission behind Auroville is to bring human unity. The plan is to create a sustainable living with the support of cultural, environmental, social and spiritual needs of mankind.
The Aurovillians live a real basic life. No one in the town owns anything that is why it is called as the cashless economy. People collectively contribute to the township's nourishment. Religions and politics aren't practised in the town, rather, meditation and spiritualism are involved. The people there live an organic living as a part of one community.
Auroville aims at becoming a living example of 'The City of Future' or 'The City the Earth Needs'. It wants the people to consider that future realisation in all fields will allow them to build magnificent cities where people will naturally look towards a more peaceful tomorrow.