When you catch a cold, your body tells you that you're ill by bringing a change in your body temperature. Or, when you start to sneeze and cough, is the sign that you need to see a doctor and fight the viruses which have attacked your immune system.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection, on the other hand, has no specific signs like that and can cause Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) later. A person is infected with the said virus from a transfer of blood, pre-ejaculated semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk. Now, while you may not notice it in early stages, you still can be aware of the following 15 possible signs of getting infected with HIV. It's incurable, which gives you more reason to not miss out on any of the following signs.
Disclaimer: If your body shows signs mentioned below, you must first take the advice of a doctor before coming to any conclusion because the below-mentioned signs don't necessarily signal towards HIV.
Though the signs may not appear for years after getting infected, 40 to 90% of people experience flulike symptoms which are termed Acute Retroviral Syndrome (ARS). At times, it takes upto decades to reflect symptoms. The very first ARS symptom can be temperature going up to 102 degrees.
Not that every time you fall sick, you have to get yourself checked for HIV but if you're frequently falling sick then it is advised to get checked. Similarly, besieged immune system makes you lethargic. HIV instantly makes you feel tired by attacking your stamina and reducing energy level.
Lymph nodes which are part of your immune system inflame after the virus strikes you. Since they are present in your armpit, groin, and neck, it causes muscle ache including in areas of joints and swollen lymph glands.
HIV is said to be the most infectious in the early stages and severe headaches, and sore throat can be related to it.
If rashes are occurring on your body and no kind of medication is helping you get rid of it, then an HIV test should be considered by you. It is not definite that boils, itchy pink areas or rashes will occur in the course of HIV/AIDS early or later on.
A person can go through problems like nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea at first. The only way to link it to HIV is that if the problems faced by the person are uncommon than what others go through.
HIV works like a chain of elements, and one symptom leads to another. Diarrhoea then leads to weight loss, though it's a sign of advanced illness. As per U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, if one happens to lose 10 percent of your body weight or more in around 30 days due to diarrhoea, then one should not take it lightly and go for a test.
When a person starts to suffer from a lot of allergies and dry cough is common throughout, then it is high time that s/he has considered the test. To make it more clear, antibiotics stop helping you get rid of that cough.
You probably must have guessed that pneumonia is what awaits in advanced stages of HIV infection. With increased cough problems and allergies you become weaker, as a result of that pneumonia steps in with fever and breathing difficulties.
This one is not a certain symptom yet can be considered to have higher chances of signifying that HIV has attacked the immune system. One will sweat even after changing the temperature of A/C.
Changes in the appearance of nails like the colour change, splitting et al are seen in the person affected by the virus. Since the patient's immune system is depleting now, the person also becomes vulnerable to fungal infections.
It's evident that other areas surrounding the mentioned body parts start to see changes now, fungus and yeast infections are seen in mouth and oesophagus making it difficult for the sufferer to swallow. As said earlier, HIV isn't curable, yet medication can help subside it and combat than suffering miserably.
Remember ARS from the start, oral herpes or genital herpes is a sign of that as well HIV. It also is very dangerous because people can catch the same virus on contact. In the case of genital herpes, ulcers can also be observed.
If a person infected with HIV start to face problems in remembering things or show signs of dementia, then it can be said that s/he has reached way too far in the disease.
Lastly, a symptom seen in people with uncontrolled diabetes - peripheral neuropathy, can also be diagnosed in people with HIV. In this case, the nerves of the person are damaged causing numbness and tingling in hands and feet.
Updated by Cnishq